A quick rundown of the differences between the three major types of cannabis plants – indica, sativa, and ruderalis.
Indica plants are normally shorter and stockier plants, reaching 1‐2 meters in height with wide, deeply serrated leaves that overlap, and branches that are closer together. The effects of indicas are predominantly physical, although the relief of certain physical symptoms can have emotional results as well. These effects can be characterized as relaxing, sedating, and pain reducing. Indicas are generally best for later in the day and before bed.
Sativa plants are of the taller and lankier variety, reaching heights of over 5‐6 meters. It is characterized by narrow serrated leaves and loose spear‐like flower clusters that can be extremely resinous. Primarily, the effects of sativas are on the mind and emotions. In this regard, they tend to be more stimulating, uplifting, energizing, and creativity enhancing. These benefits can be particularly helpful for the psychological component of many illnesses. Sativas are generally better for daytime use.
Ruderalis is characterized by varied leflets in the mature leaves, and a shorter size. This subspecies is used to create Sativa or Indica hybridges with the select desired traits.